Version 26 (modified by xi, 9 years ago) (diff)

Released PyYAML-3.08


PyYAML is a YAML parser and emitter for Python.


 YAML is a data serialization format designed for human readability and interaction with scripting languages.

PyYAML is a YAML parser and emitter for the Python programming language.

PyYAML features

  • a complete  YAML 1.1 parser. In particular, PyYAML can parse all examples from the specification. The parsing algorithm is simple enough to be a reference for YAML parser implementors.
  • Unicode support including UTF-8/UTF-16 input/output and \u escape sequences.
  • low-level event-based parser and emitter API (like SAX).
  • high-level API for serializing and deserializing native Python objects (like DOM or pickle).
  • support for all types from the  YAML types repository. A simple extension API is provided.
  • both pure-Python and fast LibYAML-based parsers and emitters.
  • relatively sensible error messages.


PyYAML requires Python 2.3 or higher. PyYAML also supports Python 3.0.

Download and Installation

The current stable release of PyYAML: 3.08.

Download links:

Unpack the archive and install the package by executing

$ python install

If you want to use LibYAML bindings, you need to download and install LibYAML. Then you may install the bindings by executing

$ python --with-libyaml install

The source distribution includes a comprehensive test suite. To run the tests, type

$ python test

You may check out the latest development code of PyYAML from the Subversion repository

$ svn checkout pyyaml-trunk


Quick example (see documentation for loading multiple documents):

>>> import yaml

>>> print yaml.load("""
... name: Vorlin Laruknuzum
... sex: Male
... class: Priest
... title: Acolyte
... hp: [32, 71]
... sp: [1, 13]
... gold: 423
... inventory:
... - a Holy Book of Prayers (Words of Wisdom)
... - an Azure Potion of Cure Light Wounds
... - a Silver Wand of Wonder
... """)

{'name': 'Vorlin Laruknuzum', 'gold': 423, 'title': 'Acolyte', 'hp': [32, 71],
'sp': [1, 13], 'sex': 'Male', 'inventory': ['a Holy Book of Prayers (Words of Wisdom)',
'an Azure Potion of Cure Light Wounds', 'a Siver Wand of Wonder'], 'class': 'Priest'}

>>> print yaml.dump({'name': "The Cloak 'Colluin'", 'depth': 5, 'rarity': 45,
... 'weight': 10, 'cost': 50000, 'flags': ['INT', 'WIS', 'SPEED', 'STEALTH']})

name: The Cloak 'Colluin'
rarity: 45
weight: 10
cost: 50000
depth: 5

For more details, please check PyYAML Documentation.


3.08 (2008-12-31)

  • Python 3 support (Thank to Erick Tryzelaar).
  • Use Cython instead of Pyrex to build LibYAML bindings.
  • Refactored support for unicode and byte input/output streams.

3.07 (2008-12-29)

  • The emitter learned to use an optional indentation indicator for block scalar; thus scalars with leading whitespaces could now be represented in a literal or folded style.
  • The test suite is now included in the source distribution. To run the tests, type python test.
  • Refactored the test suite: dropped unittest in favor of a custom test appliance.
  • Fixed the path resolver in CDumper.
  • Forced an explicit document end indicator when there is a possibility of parsing ambiguity.
  • More improvements: the package should be usable when any combination of setuptools, Pyrex and LibYAML is installed.
  • Windows binary packages are built against LibYAML-0.1.2.
  • Minor typos and corrections. Thank to Ingy dot Net and Andrey Somov.

3.06 (2008-10-03)

  • checks whether LibYAML is installed and if so, builds and installs LibYAML bindings. To force or disable installation of LibYAML bindings, use --with-libyaml or --without-libyaml respectively (partially fixes #34).
  • Building LibYAML bindings no longer requires Pyrex installed (fixed #33).
  • yaml.load() raises an exception if the input stream contains more than one YAML document (fixed #54).
  • Fixed exceptions produced by LibYAML bindings (fixed #50).
  • Fixed a dot '.' character being recognized as !!float (fixed #62).
  • Fixed Python 2.3 compatibility issue in constructing !!timestamp values.
  • Windows binary packages are built against the LibYAML stable branch.
  • Added attributes yaml.__version__ and yaml.__with_libyaml__ (fixed #85).

3.05 (2007-05-13)

  • Allow for immutable subclasses of YAMLObject. Fixed #53.
  • Make the encoding of the unicode->str conversion explicit; fixed #52.
  • Fixed a problem when the DOCUMENT-END event is not emitted until the beginning of the next document is available. Fixed #51. Thanks edward(at) for the bug report.
  • Improve output of float values. Fixed #49.
  • Fix the bug when the path in add_path_resolver contains boolean values. Fixed #43 (thanks to jstroud(at) for reporting and pointing to the cause).
  • Use the types module instead of constructing type objects by hand. Fixed #41. Thanks to v.haisman(at) for the patch.
  • Fix loss of microsecond precision in datetime.datetime constructor (fix #30). Thanks to edemaine(at) for the bug report and the patch.
  • Fixed loading an empty YAML stream.

3.04 (2006-08-20)

  • Include experimental LibYAML bindings.
  • Fully support recursive structures (close #5).
  • Sort dictionary keys (close #23). Mapping node values are now represented as lists of pairs instead of dictionaries. Do not check for duplicate mapping keys as it didn't work correctly anyway.
  • Fix invalid output of single-quoted scalars in cases when a single quote is not escaped when preceeded by whitespaces or line breaks (close #17).
  • To make porting easier, rewrite Parser not using generators.
  • Fix handling of unexpected block mapping values, like
    : foo
  • Fix a bug in Representer.represent_object: copy_reg.dispatch_table was not correctly handled.
  • Fix a bug when a block scalar is incorrectly emitted in the simple key context.
  • Hold references to the objects being represented (close #22).
  • Make Representer not try to guess !!pairs when a list is represented.
  • Fix timestamp constructing and representing (close #25).
  • Fix the 'N' plain scalar being incorrectly recognized as !!bool (close #26).

3.03 (2006-06-19)

  • Fix Python 2.5 compatibility issues.
  • Fix numerous bugs in the float handling.
  • Fix scanning some ill-formed documents.
  • Other minor fixes.

3.02 (2006-05-15)

  • Fix win32 installer. Apparently bdist_wininst does not work well under Linux.
  • Fix a bug in add_path_resolver.
  • Add the yaml-highlight example. Try to run on a color terminal: python <any_document.yaml.

3.01 (2006-05-07)

  • Initial release. The version number reflects the codename of the project (PyYAML 3000) and differenciates it from the abandoned PyYaml module.

Development and bug reports

You may check out the PyYAML source code from  PyYAML SVN repository.

If you find a bug in PyYAML, please file a bug report. You may review open bugs through the list of open tickets.

You may discuss PyYAML at  the YAML-core mailing list.

Author and copyright

The PyYAML module is written by Kirill Simonov.

PyYAML is released under the MIT license.